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国家认监委关于实施《检验检测机构资质认定管理办法》的若干意见

发布人:admin  发布时间:2019-06-18  浏览次数:444

  各省、自治区(qu)、直辖(xia)市质(zhi)量技术监督(du)局(ju)(市场监督(du)管理部门),各直属(shu)检验检疫局(ju),各国(guo)家资质(zhi)认(ren)定(计量认(ren)证)行业(ye)评审(shen)组,中国(guo)合格(ge)评定国(guo)家认(ren)可中心(xin):


  《检(jian)(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)(jian)测机构(gou)资(zi)质认定管理(li)办(ban)(ban)法》(质检(jian)(jian)(jian)总(zong)局令第(di)163号,以下简称《办(ban)(ban)法》)已于2015年4月9日公布,自2015年8月1日施行(xing)(xing)(xing)。为贯彻(che)实(shi)(shi)施该(gai)《办(ban)(ban)法》,落实(shi)(shi)国务院、国家质检(jian)(jian)(jian)总(zong)局有关深化检(jian)(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)(jian)测机构(gou)资(zi)质许(xu)可改革要(yao)求,切实(shi)(shi)履行(xing)(xing)(xing)检(jian)(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)(jian)测机构(gou)资(zi)质认定与监管工作职(zhi)责,进一步简政放权,营造公平(ping)竞争、有序(xu)开放的检(jian)(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)(jian)测市场环(huan)境,推动检(jian)(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)(jian)测高(gao)技术(shu)现代服(fu)务业做强做大、健康发展(zhan),保证检(jian)(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)(jian)测机构(gou)资(zi)质认定各(ge)项改革措施顺利到位,现提出以下意见,请各(ge)单位结合本地(di)区(qu)实(shi)(shi)际情况(kuang)贯彻(che)执行(xing)(xing)(xing)。


  一、关于检验(yan)检测机构资(zi)质认定实施(shi)范围(wei)


  按照(zhao)“法(fa)无授权(quan)不可为”的(de)法(fa)治(zhi)(zhi)原则,依(yi)照(zhao)《计量法(fa)》及其实施细则、《认(ren)(ren)证(zheng)认(ren)(ren)可条例》等有(you)(you)关(guan)法(fa)律、行政法(fa)规的(de)规定(ding),向社会出(chu)具具有(you)(you)证(zheng)明作用的(de)数据和结果的(de)检验检测机构(gou),应当依(yi)法(fa)经国(guo)家认(ren)(ren)证(zheng)认(ren)(ren)可监督(du)管(guan)理(li)部(bu)门(men)(以下简称国(guo)家认(ren)(ren)监委)或(huo)者(zhe)各省、自治(zhi)(zhi)区、直辖市人民政府(fu)质量技术监督(du)部(bu)门(men)(市场监督(du)管(guan)理(li)部(bu)门(men))(以下简称省级资质认(ren)(ren)定(ding)部(bu)门(men))资质认(ren)(ren)定(ding)(计量认(ren)(ren)证(zheng))。


  二、关于检(jian)验(yan)检(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)主(zhu)体(ti)准入条件


  (一)凡是依(yi)法(fa)(fa)设(she)立的(de)(de)(de)法(fa)(fa)人(ren)和其(qi)(qi)他(ta)组织,其(qi)(qi)依(yi)法(fa)(fa)注册、登记(ji)的(de)(de)(de)经营(ying)范围或者业(ye)务范围包括检验检测,并且能够独立、公正从业(ye)的(de)(de)(de),均可申请检验检测机(ji)(ji)构(gou)资质认定。其(qi)(qi)他(ta)组织包括:依(yi)法(fa)(fa)取得工商(shang)行政机(ji)(ji)关颁发的(de)(de)(de)《营(ying)业(ye)执照》的(de)(de)(de)企(qi)(qi)业(ye)法(fa)(fa)人(ren)分支(zhi)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)、特殊普通合(he)伙企(qi)(qi)业(ye)、民(min)政部门登记(ji)的(de)(de)(de)民(min)办非企(qi)(qi)业(ye)单位(法(fa)(fa)人(ren))等(deng)符合(he)法(fa)(fa)律法(fa)(fa)规规定的(de)(de)(de)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)。


  (二(er))若检(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)测机构是机关或(huo)者(zhe)事业单位的(de)(de)内(nei)设(she)机构,不具备(bei)法人资格,可(ke)由其法人授(shou)权,申请检(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)测机构资质(zhi)认定。其对外出具的(de)(de)检(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)测报告(gao)或(huo)者(zhe)证书(shu)的(de)(de)法律责任由其所在法人单位承担,并(bing)予以明示(shi)。


  (三)生(sheng)产(chan)企业内部的检验(yan)检测(ce)机构(gou)不在检验(yan)检测(ce)机构(gou)资(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)定(ding)范(fan)围之内。生(sheng)产(chan)企业出资(zi)设立的具(ju)有法人资(zi)格(ge)的检验(yan)检测(ce)机构(gou)可以申请(qing)检验(yan)检测(ce)机构(gou)资(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)定(ding),应当遵循检验(yan)检测(ce)机构(gou)客观独立、公正公开、诚实守信的相关(guan)从业规定(ding)。


  (四)取消“在华设(she)立(li)外资检验检测机构的外方投资者,需要具有3年以上检验检测从(cong)业经(jing)历”的准(zhun)入规定。


  三、关(guan)于调整有关(guan)检验(yan)检测机构资质、资格许可权限


  (一)国家(jia)认监委不再对各省、自治区、直辖市、副省级(ji)城市、计划单列市的质检(jian)院(yuan)(所)以(yi)及省级(ji)纤(xian)维检(jian)验(yan)机(ji)构(gou)(gou)实(shi)施验(yan)收许可(ke)工作,交由(you)省级(ji)资(zi)质认定(ding)部(bu)门(men)负(fu)责管理,上(shang)述机(ji)构(gou)(gou)首次(ci)申请、复查换证(zheng)、变更(geng)(含扩项(xiang)(xiang))等事项(xiang)(xiang)均由(you)省级(ji)资(zi)质认定(ding)部(bu)门(men)负(fu)责实(shi)施。省级(ji)资(zi)质认定(ding)部(bu)门(men)对相关检(jian)验(yan)检(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)(gou)的验(yan)收和授(shou)权工作与检(jian)验(yan)检(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)(gou)资(zi)质认定(ding)合并实(shi)施,但(dan)沿用颁(ban)发(fa)有效(xiao)期为(wei)3年(nian)的验(yan)收或(huo)者(zhe)授(shou)权证(zheng)书,自2015年(nian)8月1日起执(zhi)行(xing)。


  (二(er))国家认监(jian)委(wei)不再对(dui)省(sheng)级(ji)纤维检验机构实施(shi)检验检测机构资质认定,交由(you)省(sheng)级(ji)资质认定部(bu)门(men)负责管理,上述机构首次申请(qing)、复查换证、变更(含(han)扩(kuo)项)等事项均由(you)省(sheng)级(ji)资质认定部(bu)门(men)负责实施(shi),自2015年(nian) 8月1日(ri)起执行(xing)。


  四、关于检(jian)验检(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)资质认定分级实(shi)施


  (一)国家认监(jian)委负责国务(wu)院(yuan)有(you)(you)关(guan)(guan)部(bu)(bu)门(men)以及相(xiang)(xiang)关(guan)(guan)行业(ye)主(zhu)管(guan)部(bu)(bu)门(men)依法(fa)设立(li)的检(jian)验(yan)检(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)资质认定(ding)工作,包括四类(lei)机(ji)构(gou):一是(shi)(shi)经(jing)国家事业(ye)单位登记(ji)管(guan)理局登记(ji)的事业(ye)单位法(fa)人;二是(shi)(shi)经(jing)国家工商总局登记(ji)注册(ce)或(huo)者(zhe)核准名称的企业(ye)法(fa)人;三是(shi)(shi)国务(wu)院(yuan)有(you)(you)关(guan)(guan)部(bu)(bu)门(men)以及相(xiang)(xiang)关(guan)(guan)行业(ye)主(zhu)管(guan)部(bu)(bu)门(men)直属管(guan)辖的机(ji)构(gou);四是(shi)(shi)国务(wu)院(yuan)有(you)(you)关(guan)(guan)部(bu)(bu)门(men)、相(xiang)(xiang)关(guan)(guan)行业(ye)主(zhu)管(guan)部(bu)(bu)门(men)、相(xiang)(xiang)关(guan)(guan)行业(ye)协会根据需要,与(yu)国家认监(jian)委共同确定(ding)纳入国家级资质认定(ding)管(guan)理范围(wei)的机(ji)构(gou)。 


  省级资(zi)质认定(ding)部门负责本(ben)行政区域(yu)内依法设立的检验(yan)检测(ce)机构的资(zi)质认定(ding)工作。


  (二)检(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)根(gen)据业(ye)务发展需要,在(zai)(zai)异(yi)地(di)(di)依法设立的(de)分支(zhi)机(ji)构(gou)(含分公(gong)司、子公(gong)司等),应当向(xiang)分支(zhi)机(ji)构(gou)所(suo)在(zai)(zai)地(di)(di)省(sheng)级(ji)资(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)定部(bu)门(men)申请(qing)检(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)资(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)定。纳入国(guo)家认(ren)监委(wei)资(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)定管(guan)理范围的(de)检(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou),在(zai)(zai)异(yi)地(di)(di)依法设立的(de)分支(zhi)机(ji)构(gou)与总(zong)部(bu)实行统一管(guan)理体系的(de),可以向(xiang)国(guo)家认(ren)监委(wei)申请(qing)检(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)资(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)定。


  五、关(guan)于检验(yan)检测机构资质认定的技术评审


  (一(yi))国(guo)家认监(jian)委和省(sheng)级(ji)资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认定(ding)(ding)部门(men)(men)(以下统称资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认定(ding)(ding)部门(men)(men))应当按照(zhao)《检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认定(ding)(ding)评(ping)(ping)审(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)准(zhun)(zhun)(zhun)则(ze)》、评(ping)(ping)审(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)补(bu)充要求和评(ping)(ping)审(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)程(cheng)序规定(ding)(ding)实(shi)施(shi)技(ji)(ji)术评(ping)(ping)审(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen),确定(ding)(ding)评(ping)(ping)审(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)关键控制点,加强对检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构技(ji)(ji)术和管理能力核查(cha),简化文件(jian)审(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)查(cha)。各(ge)直(zhi)属出入境检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)疫局协助国(guo)家认监(jian)委实(shi)施(shi)所(suo)属检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构的技(ji)(ji)术评(ping)(ping)审(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)。《检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认定(ding)(ding)评(ping)(ping)审(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)准(zhun)(zhun)(zhun)则(ze)》于2016年1月1日正(zheng)式实(shi)施(shi),在正(zheng)式实(shi)施(shi)之前,原《实(shi)验(yan)室资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认定(ding)(ding)评(ping)(ping)审(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)准(zhun)(zhun)(zhun)则(ze)》依然适用。


  (二)资(zi)质认定部门应(ying)当自(zi)受理(li)申请(qing)之日起,45个工作(zuo)日内(nei)完成(cheng)技(ji)术(shu)评审(shen)工作(zuo),由(you)于申请(qing)人自(zi)身原因,无法在规定时限内(nei)完成(cheng)的除(chu)外。资(zi)质认定部门委(wei)(wei)托(tuo)专业技(ji)术(shu)机(ji)(ji)(ji)构(gou)(gou)(gou)组(zu)织(zhi)实(shi)施技(ji)术(shu)评审(shen)工作(zuo)的,应(ying)当与被委(wei)(wei)托(tuo)机(ji)(ji)(ji)构(gou)(gou)(gou)签(qian)订委(wei)(wei)托(tuo)协议,并对其(qi)实(shi)施有(you)效监督,保证(zheng)技(ji)术(shu)评审(shen)活动公正(zheng)、客(ke)观。被委(wei)(wei)托(tuo)机(ji)(ji)(ji)构(gou)(gou)(gou)不(bu)得利用技(ji)术(shu)评审(shen)增加申请(qing)人负担、谋(mou)取不(bu)当利益。


  (三)资质认定部(bu)门应当根(gen)据(ju)(ju)检验检测(ce)机构(gou)(gou)(gou)的申请(qing)事项(xiang)、自我声(sheng)明和分类监管情况,确定复查(cha)换证评(ping)审方式(shi),减(jian)少不必要的现(xian)(xian)场评(ping)审;对检验检测(ce)机构(gou)(gou)(gou)依法设立(li)的分支机构(gou)(gou)(gou),可以根(gen)据(ju)(ju)具体(ti)情况简化文件审查(cha)、减(jian)少现(xian)(xian)场评(ping)审内(nei)容,采(cai)信相关评(ping)价结(jie)果(guo),避免重复评(ping)审。


  六、关于(yu)检验(yan)检测机构(gou)资质(zhi)认定证书有效期的(de)衔接


  检(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)资(zi)质(zhi)(zhi)认定证(zheng)书有(you)效期(qi)由3年调整为6年。本(ben)次(ci)资(zi)质(zhi)(zhi)认定证(zheng)书有(you)效期(qi)调整为自然(ran)过渡,目前检(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)持(chi)有(you)的资(zi)质(zhi)(zhi)认定证(zheng)书,在有(you)效期(qi)内仍然(ran)有(you)效,有(you)效期(qi)届满前,按(an)照(zhao)规定申请复查换证(zheng)。自2015年8月1日起,统一颁发有(you)效期(qi)为6年的检(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)资(zi)质(zhi)(zhi)认定证(zheng)书。


  七、关于检验检测人员的有关要求


  (一)检(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)测(ce)机构授(shou)权签(qian)字人应当具有中(zhong)级及(ji)以(yi)(yi)上(shang)技(ji)术职称或者同等(deng)能力,“博士(shi)研(yan)(yan)究(jiu)生(sheng)毕业(ye),从(cong)事(shi)相(xiang)关(guan)专(zhuan)业(ye)检(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)测(ce)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)1年(nian)(nian)及(ji)以(yi)(yi)上(shang);硕士(shi)研(yan)(yan)究(jiu)生(sheng)毕业(ye),从(cong)事(shi)相(xiang)关(guan)专(zhuan)业(ye)检(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)测(ce)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)3年(nian)(nian)及(ji)以(yi)(yi)上(shang);大(da)学本科(ke)毕业(ye),从(cong)事(shi)相(xiang)关(guan)专(zhuan)业(ye)检(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)测(ce)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)5年(nian)(nian)及(ji)以(yi)(yi)上(shang);大(da)学专(zhuan)科(ke)毕业(ye),从(cong)事(shi)相(xiang)关(guan)专(zhuan)业(ye)检(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)测(ce)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)8年(nian)(nian)及(ji)以(yi)(yi)上(shang)”可(ke)视为具有同等(deng)能力。


  (二)食(shi)(shi)品(pin)(pin)检验(yan)机构(gou)授(shou)权签字人(ren)应当具有中级及(ji)(ji)以(yi)(yi)上(shang)技术职(zhi)称或者(zhe)同等(deng)能(neng)力(li),“食(shi)(shi)品(pin)(pin)、生(sheng)物(wu)、化(hua)学(xue)(xue)等(deng)专(zhuan)业(ye)(ye)博士(shi)研(yan)究生(sheng)毕(bi)业(ye)(ye),从事(shi)食(shi)(shi)品(pin)(pin)检验(yan)工(gong)作(zuo)1年(nian)及(ji)(ji)以(yi)(yi)上(shang);食(shi)(shi)品(pin)(pin)、生(sheng)物(wu)、化(hua)学(xue)(xue)等(deng)专(zhuan)业(ye)(ye)硕士(shi)研(yan)究生(sheng)毕(bi)业(ye)(ye),从事(shi)食(shi)(shi)品(pin)(pin)检验(yan)工(gong)作(zuo)3年(nian)及(ji)(ji)以(yi)(yi)上(shang);食(shi)(shi)品(pin)(pin)、生(sheng)物(wu)、化(hua)学(xue)(xue)等(deng)专(zhuan)业(ye)(ye)大学(xue)(xue)本科毕(bi)业(ye)(ye),从事(shi)食(shi)(shi)品(pin)(pin)检验(yan)工(gong)作(zuo)5年(nian)及(ji)(ji)以(yi)(yi)上(shang);食(shi)(shi)品(pin)(pin)、生(sheng)物(wu)、化(hua)学(xue)(xue)等(deng)专(zhuan)业(ye)(ye)大学(xue)(xue)专(zhuan)科毕(bi)业(ye)(ye),从事(shi)食(shi)(shi)品(pin)(pin)检验(yan)工(gong)作(zuo)8年(nian)及(ji)(ji)以(yi)(yi)上(shang)”可视为具有同等(deng)能(neng)力(li)。


  八、关于检验检测报告或者证书的责任


  (一)取得检(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)测(ce)机(ji)构资质认(ren)定(ding)的机(ji)构对(dui)其(qi)出具(ju)的检(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)测(ce)报告或者证书(shu)负责(ze),并(bing)承(cheng)担相应(ying)法律(lv)(lv)责(ze)任(ren)。检(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)测(ce)机(ji)构因(yin)自身原因(yin)导致检(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)测(ce)结(jie)果(guo)错误、偏离或者其(qi)他后果(guo)的,应(ying)当(dang)自行承(cheng)担相应(ying)解释、召回或者赔偿责(ze)任(ren)。涉(she)及(ji)违反相关(guan)法律(lv)(lv)法规的,还应(ying)依法追究其(qi)相关(guan)法律(lv)(lv)责(ze)任(ren)。


  (二)检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测机构应(ying)当在(zai)(zai)资(zi)质(zhi)认定的(de)(de)能力范(fan)围内开展检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测工作(zuo),不含检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测方法的(de)(de)各类(lei)产品标(biao)准、限值标(biao)准可(ke)不列(lie)入检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测机构资(zi)质(zhi)认定的(de)(de)能力范(fan)围,但在(zai)(zai)出具检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测报告或(huo)者(zhe)证书时(shi)可(ke)作(zuo)为判定依据使用。


  九、关(guan)于检验(yan)检测(ce)机(ji)构资质认定(ding)(ding)标志、检验(yan)检测(ce)专(zhuan)用章的规定(ding)(ding)


  (一(yi))检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)在资质认(ren)(ren)定(ding)证(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)书(shu)(shu)确(que)定(ding)的(de)能力范(fan)围内(nei),对社会出具(ju)具(ju)有证(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)明作用(yong)数据、结果时,应(ying)(ying)当标(biao)(biao)(biao)注检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)资质认(ren)(ren)定(ding)标(biao)(biao)(biao)志,并加盖检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)专(zhuan)用(yong)章(zhang)。检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)资质认(ren)(ren)定(ding)标(biao)(biao)(biao)志应(ying)(ying)按(an)照国家认(ren)(ren)监委有关(guan)标(biao)(biao)(biao)志管(guan)理(li)的(de)文(wen)件(jian)规定(ding),符合(he)尺寸、比例、颜色(se)(se)方面(mian)的(de)要求(qiu),并准确(que)、清(qing)晰标(biao)(biao)(biao)注证(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)书(shu)(shu)编号。检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)资质认(ren)(ren)定(ding)标(biao)(biao)(biao)志加盖(或(huo)者(zhe)印刷(shua))在检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)报(bao)告(gao)或(huo)者(zhe)证(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)书(shu)(shu)封面(mian),颜色(se)(se)建议为红色(se)(se)、蓝色(se)(se)或(huo)者(zhe)黑色(se)(se)。检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)专(zhuan)用(yong)章(zhang)加盖在检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)报(bao)告(gao)封面(mian)的(de)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)名称(cheng)位置或(huo)者(zhe)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)结论位置,骑缝(feng)位置也应(ying)(ying)加盖。检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)专(zhuan)用(yong)章(zhang)应(ying)(ying)表明检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)完整(zheng)的(de)、准确(que)的(de)名称(cheng)。检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)在其出具(ju)的(de)各(ge)类(lei)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)报(bao)告(gao)或(huo)者(zhe)证(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)书(shu)(shu)上均应(ying)(ying)加盖检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)专(zhuan)用(yong)章(zhang),用(yong)以表明该检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)报(bao)告(gao)或(huo)者(zhe)证(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)书(shu)(shu)由其出具(ju),并由该检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)负责。检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)应(ying)(ying)当建立检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)专(zhuan)用(yong)章(zhang)的(de)管(guan)理(li)制度,并对检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)专(zhuan)用(yong)章(zhang)的(de)使用(yong)进行(xing)规范(fan)管(guan)理(li)。


  (二)检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)机构(gou)(gou)为科(ke)研、教学、内(nei)部质(zhi)量控制等活动(dong)出(chu)具检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)数据、结果时,在资质(zhi)认(ren)定证(zheng)书(shu)确定的检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)能力范(fan)(fan)围内(nei)的,出(chu)具的检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)报告或者(zhe)证(zheng)书(shu)上可以不标(biao)注检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)机构(gou)(gou)资质(zhi)认(ren)定标(biao)志(zhi);在资质(zhi)认(ren)定证(zheng)书(shu)确定的检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)能力范(fan)(fan)围外的,出(chu)具的检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)报告或者(zhe)证(zheng)书(shu)上不得标(biao)注检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)机构(gou)(gou)资质(zhi)认(ren)定标(biao)志(zhi)。


  十、关于检验检测(ce)机构资质(zhi)认定的监督管理(li)


  (一)国家认(ren)(ren)监委负(fu)责制定(ding)(ding)(ding)检(jian)验检(jian)测(ce)(ce)机(ji)构(gou)资(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定(ding)(ding)(ding)监督(du)(du)管理制度(du),组(zu)织对(dui)获得检(jian)验检(jian)测(ce)(ce)机(ji)构(gou)资(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定(ding)(ding)(ding)的机(ji)构(gou)实施监督(du)(du)检(jian)查并负(fu)责对(dui)省级(ji)资(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定(ding)(ding)(ding)部(bu)门实施的检(jian)验检(jian)测(ce)(ce)机(ji)构(gou)资(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定(ding)(ding)(ding)工作(zuo)进行监督(du)(du)和(he)指导。


  国(guo)家(jia)(jia)认(ren)(ren)监(jian)委(wei)在组(zu)(zu)织(zhi)实(shi)施(shi)(shi)国(guo)家(jia)(jia)级检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)资(zi)质认(ren)(ren)定(ding)(ding)(ding)的(de)监(jian)督(du)检(jian)(jian)(jian)查时(shi),可以采(cai)取(qu)三(san)种方(fang)式:一是委(wei)托行业(ye)(ye)检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)资(zi)质认(ren)(ren)定(ding)(ding)(ding)评审组(zu)(zu),组(zu)(zu)织(zhi)实(shi)施(shi)(shi)相关行业(ye)(ye)领域国(guo)家(jia)(jia)级检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)资(zi)质认(ren)(ren)定(ding)(ding)(ding)的(de)监(jian)督(du)检(jian)(jian)(jian)查;二是委(wei)托直属出入(ru)境检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)疫(yi)局组(zu)(zu)织(zhi)实(shi)施(shi)(shi)检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)疫(yi)系统检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)资(zi)质认(ren)(ren)定(ding)(ding)(ding)的(de)监(jian)督(du)检(jian)(jian)(jian)查;三(san)是直接组(zu)(zu)织(zhi)实(shi)施(shi)(shi)检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)资(zi)质认(ren)(ren)定(ding)(ding)(ding)监(jian)督(du)检(jian)(jian)(jian)查。


  (二(er))省(sheng)级(ji)资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认定部(bu)门负责(ze)所辖(xia)区域检(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认定的(de)监(jian)督(du)管理(li)。原(yuan)则上,省(sheng)级(ji)资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认定部(bu)门负责(ze)对(dui)辖(xia)区内取得(de)省(sheng)级(ji)检(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认定证(zheng)书的(de)机(ji)构(gou)进行监(jian)督(du)检(jian)(jian)查;需要时,根据(ju)国家认监(jian)委的(de)安排(pai),也可以对(dui)辖(xia)区内取得(de)国家级(ji)检(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认定的(de)机(ji)构(gou)进行监(jian)督(du)检(jian)(jian)查。


  省(sheng)级(ji)(ji)资(zi)质(zhi)认定(ding)(ding)部(bu)门(men)应(ying)当贯彻落实(shi)国(guo)家认监(jian)(jian)委(wei)有关监(jian)(jian)督(du)管(guan)(guan)理的工作制(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)和(he)年(nian)度(du)(du)监(jian)(jian)督(du)检查(cha)计划,并组(zu)织实(shi)施(shi)。省(sheng)级(ji)(ji)资(zi)质(zhi)认定(ding)(ding)部(bu)门(men)也(ye)可(ke)以结合本(ben)行政区域的监(jian)(jian)管(guan)(guan)实(shi)际,制(zhi)(zhi)定(ding)(ding)适(shi)应(ying)本(ben)区域情况的细(xi)(xi)化监(jian)(jian)管(guan)(guan)制(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)或(huo)者(zhe)检查(cha)方(fang)(fang)案(an),但(dan)不(bu)应(ying)与(yu)国(guo)家认监(jian)(jian)委(wei)的总体制(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)要求相矛(mao)盾(dun),也(ye)不(bu)应(ying)形成(cheng)不(bu)必要的重复检查(cha)。有关细(xi)(xi)化的地方(fang)(fang)监(jian)(jian)管(guan)(guan)制(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)和(he)年(nian)度(du)(du)检查(cha)方(fang)(fang)案(an)应(ying)当在(zai)实(shi)施(shi)前向国(guo)家认监(jian)(jian)委(wei)备(bei)案(an)。省(sheng)级(ji)(ji)资(zi)质(zhi)认定(ding)(ding)部(bu)门(men)可(ke)以直(zhi)接组(zu)织实(shi)施(shi),也(ye)可(ke)以组(zu)织地(市)、县级(ji)(ji)质(zhi)量技术监(jian)(jian)督(du)部(bu)门(men)(市场(chang)监(jian)(jian)督(du)管(guan)(guan)理部(bu)门(men))共同实(shi)施(shi)对辖区内检验检测(ce)机构资(zi)质(zhi)认定(ding)(ding)的监(jian)(jian)督(du)检查(cha)。


  (三)地(市)、县级质(zhi)(zhi)量(liang)技(ji)术监(jian)督(du)(du)部(bu)门(men)(市场监(jian)督(du)(du)管理部(bu)门(men))根据省(sheng)级资(zi)(zi)(zi)质(zhi)(zhi)认(ren)(ren)(ren)定(ding)部(bu)门(men)的安排(pai),结(jie)合本行政(zheng)区域的实际监(jian)管需要,可(ke)以组织对所辖(xia)区域内的检验检测机构进行资(zi)(zi)(zi)质(zhi)(zhi)认(ren)(ren)(ren)定(ding)监(jian)督(du)(du)检查(cha)(cha)(cha),依法(fa)查(cha)(cha)(cha)处违法(fa)行为,并将查(cha)(cha)(cha)处结(jie)果上报(bao)省(sheng)级资(zi)(zi)(zi)质(zhi)(zhi)认(ren)(ren)(ren)定(ding)部(bu)门(men)。涉及(ji)国家认(ren)(ren)(ren)监(jian)委或者其他省(sheng)级资(zi)(zi)(zi)质(zhi)(zhi)认(ren)(ren)(ren)定(ding)部(bu)门(men)的,应及(ji)时上报(bao)省(sheng)级资(zi)(zi)(zi)质(zhi)(zhi)认(ren)(ren)(ren)定(ding)部(bu)门(men),由其省(sheng)级资(zi)(zi)(zi)质(zhi)(zhi)认(ren)(ren)(ren)定(ding)部(bu)门(men)负责向(xiang)(xiang)国家认(ren)(ren)(ren)监(jian)委报(bao)告(gao),或者向(xiang)(xiang)其他省(sheng)级资(zi)(zi)(zi)质(zhi)(zhi)认(ren)(ren)(ren)定(ding)部(bu)门(men)通报(bao)。


  十一、关于检验检测机构资质认定分类监督管理


  (一(yi))根据(ju)风险程度分类监管


  检(jian)验检(jian)测风险在不(bu)同区域、领(ling)域或者不(bu)同时期会有差异,资质(zhi)认(ren)定部(bu)门应(ying)从实际(ji)出发,识别获得资质(zhi)认(ren)定证书的(de)检(jian)验检(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)的(de)业(ye)务特点和风险点,逐步形成与(yu)实际(ji)情(qing)况相(xiang)适(shi)应(ying)的(de)风险管理机(ji)制。以下(xia)为风险程度较(jiao)高领(ling)域:


  1.涉及安全(quan)的领域,例如食品安全(quan)、信息安全(quan)、环境安全(quan)、建筑安全(quan)等领域;


  2涉(she)及司法鉴定(ding)、质量仲裁等领域;


  3.涉及民生、公益(yi)和消费者利益(yi)的领域,如装饰装修(xiu)材料检验、机动车安全技术检验等领域。


  资质(zhi)认(ren)定(ding)部门应对从(cong)事上述(shu)领域工(gong)作的检验(yan)检测(ce)机构重点关注。


  (二)根据自我声明进行监管


  鼓励检验(yan)检测机(ji)(ji)构(gou)通过自(zi)我(wo)声(sheng)明,对有关(guan)质量(liang)体系的(de)有效运(yun)行、技术(shu)能力的(de)变更、分支(zhi)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)的(de)设立和运(yun)行等进(jin)行自(zi)我(wo)承(cheng)诺,资质认定部(bu)门(men)(men)可以先(xian)期信任此类承(cheng)诺,减少或者不(bu)进(jin)行现场评(ping)审。资质认定部(bu)门(men)(men)应(ying)对检验(yan)检测机(ji)(ji)构(gou)自(zi)我(wo)声(sheng)明事项进(jin)行事后核(he)查(cha)(cha)或者根据举报(bao)进(jin)行调查(cha)(cha),杜绝(jue)虚假自(zi)我(wo)声(sheng)明的(de)行为。


  (三(san))根据举报投诉进行监管(guan)


  对于检(jian)验检(jian)测机构(gou)违法违规行(xing)(xing)为(wei)的举(ju)报,资质认定部门经调(diao)查核实后,除按照(zhao)行(xing)(xing)政(zheng)处理、处罚程序进行(xing)(xing)相(xiang)应(ying)处置外,还应(ying)当(dang)将(jiang)涉事检(jian)验检(jian)测机构(gou)的违法违规行(xing)(xing)为(wei)记录入其诚信档案,加强对其后续跟踪和检(jian)查。


  (四(si))其他(ta)监管(guan)方式


  资(zi)质认定部门还应通过检验检测机(ji)(ji)构(gou)年(nian)度报(bao)告(gao)、“双随机(ji)(ji)”抽查、专项监(jian)(jian)督(du)检查、能力(li)验证、统(tong)计制度或者利(li)用(yong)国家认可机(ji)(ji)构(gou)的(de)监(jian)(jian)督(du)结(jie)果(guo)等其他监(jian)(jian)督(du)管理(li)方式(shi),形成全(quan)国互(hu)联互(hu)通的(de)监(jian)(jian)督(du)管理(li)模式(shi)。资(zi)认定部门应进一步完(wan)善检验检测服务业统(tong)计制度,充分利(li)用(yong)统(tong)计制度的(de)基本信(xin)息,建立检验检测机(ji)(ji)构(gou)诚信(xin)档案数据库,并据此实施分类监(jian)(jian)管。


  十二、关于检验检测机构资质认定能力验证(zheng)的规定


  资质(zhi)认定部(bu)门(men)应(ying)有(you)组织、有(you)计划(hua)、有(you)重点地开展(zhan)能(neng)力(li)(li)验(yan)(yan)证或者比对活动(dong)(dong),应(ying)当积极争取财政部(bu)门(men)对能(neng)力(li)(li)验(yan)(yan)证活动(dong)(dong)的补贴。资质(zhi)认定部(bu)门(men)应(ying)科学规划(hua)能(neng)力(li)(li)验(yan)(yan)证项目(mu)数(shu)量,确保质(zhi)量,避免随意设置能(neng)力(li)(li)验(yan)(yan)证项目(mu),增加(jia)检验(yan)(yan)检测机构负担(dan)。


  检验(yan)(yan)检测(ce)机构(gou)参加资(zi)质(zhi)(zhi)认(ren)定部(bu)门(men)组织开展的(de)能(neng)(neng)(neng)力验(yan)(yan)证(zheng)或(huo)者比对(dui)活(huo)动,经初测(ce)和(he)补测(ce),能(neng)(neng)(neng)力验(yan)(yan)证(zheng)结(jie)果不满(man)(man)意,技术能(neng)(neng)(neng)力不能(neng)(neng)(neng)满(man)(man)足(zu)(zu)资(zi)质(zhi)(zhi)认(ren)定要(yao)(yao)求的(de),检验(yan)(yan)检测(ce)机构(gou)应(ying)当及时(shi)按(an)照资(zi)质(zhi)(zhi)认(ren)定部(bu)门(men)的(de)要(yao)(yao)求进行(xing)整改,整改后仍(reng)不满(man)(man)足(zu)(zu)要(yao)(yao)求的(de),资(zi)质(zhi)(zhi)认(ren)定部(bu)门(men)应(ying)当对(dui)其资(zi)质(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)力范围(wei)进行(xing)调整。


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